<h3>1913</h3> <h4>Jazz Introduced to Indiana University</h4> <p>As a child growing up in Bloomington, Hoagy Carmichael lived behind the Beta Theta Phi fraternity, where Indiana University's first jazz concerts were performed. Hubert "Hube" Herschel Hanna, son of an IU math professor, played popular ragtime songs such as The Barnyard Shuffle and Maori. Hoagy Carmichael said of him "Not only was his left hand a whizbang, but his right was the miracle of the times as it ran octaves at light speed."</p> <img src=“http://purl.dlib.indiana.edu/iudl/archives/photos/large/P0052260/“alt=“Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity 1918.”> <p>Courtesy of IU Archives P0052260</p> <h3>1921</h3> <h4>Hoagy Carmichael Attends IU</h4> <p>Hoagy Carmichael attends Indiana University as a law student. Hoagy played jazz piano at fraternities, speak-easies, and popular hangouts like the Book Nook both solo and with a quartet called the Carmichael Collegians. Carmichael invited out of town performers, including African American bands from Indianapolis to play at some of Indiana University's first house shows. Hoagy and his band famously performed at a mock commencement ceremony, performing the Purdue fight song and funeral dirges before handing out mock degrees.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32463734546/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“photos of Hoagy”> <p>The Book Nook</p> <h3>1925-1929</h3> <h4>Ernest Moenkhaus Innovates in Jazz</h4> <p>Ernest Moenkhaus, son of an IU physiology professor and contemporary of Hoagy Carmichael, performed highly experimental Dadaist jazz inspired by his childhood in interwar Europe. Regarded as a genius by other IU musicians, including Carmichael, Moenkhaus's music proved unpopular with the student body, thanks in part to its atonal structure and the shouting of random words. Moenkhaus died tragically young January 17th, 1931 at the age of twenty-nine.</p> <img=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33116790591/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“Ernest Moenkhaus, third from right”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1948</h3> <h4>Bloomington's First Radio Stations</h4> <p>Bloomington's first AM/FM radio stations, WSUA and W9XH7, begin operation.</p> <img src=“http://purl.dlib.indiana.edu/iudl/archives/photos/screen/P0041670/“alt=“Lyle Warrick, proprietor of WSUA on the day of his marriage to Jane Wheeler.> <p>Courtesy of IU Archives P0041670</p> <h3>1951</h3> <h4>WFIU Founded</h4> <p>Indiana University's local public radio station, WFIU, begins broadcasting.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33668396766/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“Eleanor Roosevelt at WFIU studio.”> <p>Courtesy of IU Archives P0028047</p> <h3>1955-1992</h3> <h4>IU Folklorist Documents Traditional Hoosier Music</h4> <p>In 1955, Indiana University ethnomusicologist George List begins recording Indiana folk music, inviting Monroe County residents to sing traditional songs. His work would span decades, tracing Indiana's folk music to its Old World origins. Adapted mostly from British ballads, Indiana's folk music arrived mostly from Kentucky, conforming to a linguistic region known as the Hoosier Apex.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32828923790/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“List at the Indiana Dunes.”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1956-1964</h3> <h4>Al Cobine Big Band Years</h4> <p>While attending Indiana University, jazz great Al Cobine creates the Al Cobine Big Band, named by the National Ballroom Association the Most Promising New Band in 1960. Regarded by IU jazz professor David Baker as the missing link between Hoagie Carmichael's popular jazz and modern avant-garde jazz at IU. Cobine wrote for the Singing Hoosiers and Bells of Indiana. Though he had come to IU to study political science, Al Cobine made a successful career in jazz, publishing more than 100 works of music. In 2007, Bloomington mayor Mark Kruzan named March 25th Al Cobine Day. Cobine passed away in 2009.</p> <img src=“http://indianapublicmedia.org/afterglow/files/2013/10/al_cobine3.jpg /“alt=“Cobine looking fly”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1962-1967</h3> <h4>First Student Radio Station</h4> <p>WQAD, an AM radio station, is founded at Wright Quad by physics major, Bill Weaverling, chemistry major, Steve Peterson, and education major, Jerry Pugh. The station begins broadcasting January 5, 1963.</p> <img src=“http://purl.dlib.indiana.edu/iudl/archives/photos/screen/P0024440/“alt=“Sketch of Wright Quadrangle 1945.”> <p>Courtesy of IU Archives P0024440</p> <h3>1962-1967</h3> <h3>1963-1967</h3> <h4>Booker T. Jones Attends IU</h4> <p>Inspired to attend IU at the age of 14 upon hearing Hoagy Carmichael's Stardust, Booker T. Jones was already a prodigious and successful musician at the age of 17 when he submitted his application to Indiana University. The soul legend was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and received a Grammy for Best Pop Instrumental Performance in 1997. He was awarded a Grammy for Lifetime Achievement in 2007 and back-to-back Grammys in 2009 and 2010 for Best Pop Instrumental Album by a Solo Artist. Jones also received another honorary degree from IU.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/34859705861/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“Booker T. Jones yearbook photo”> <p>Courtesy of IU Archives P0051233.</p> <h3>1962-1967</h3> <h4>IU Folk Song Club</h4> <p>The Folk Song Club is founded in conjunction with Indiana University "to promote interest and participation in folk music activity at IU and to encourage the appreciation of folklore and its study." Local and guest musicians played at Phase 3 coffeehouse, including regional high school folk bands like Brown County Jamboree Band as well as folk legends such as Doc Watson. In 1967 the group disbanded as the student music scene came to be increasingly dominated by rock and protest music.</p> <img src=“http://purl.dlib.indiana.edu/iudl/archives/photos/large/P0056791/“alt=“Folk concert flyer.”> <p> Courtesy of IU Archives P0056791</p> <h3>1966</h3> <h4>IU Jazz Band Middle East Tour</h4> <p>The IU Jazz band led by new faculty member Jerry Coker leaves on a fifteen week tour of Middle East, visiting numerous countries including Israel, Lebanon, Turkey, Iraq, Greece, Egypt, Pakistan, and India. Considered by some to be the best jazz band in the country, Coker revitalized the group when he arrived in 1965. The band had been in a slump since the late 1950s.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33668395706/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“The IU Jazz Band on tour.”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1966-1970</h3> <h4>The Spectator Rallies IU's Counterculture</h4> <p>The Spectator, a radical underground student paper, reports on politics, university affairs, and the arts. Paul Buhle, editor of Radical America named The Spectator "the most intellectually serious underground newspaper I've ever seen." J. Edgar Hoover coordinated a failed FBI attempt to undermine its influence with the publication of an anti-leftist campus newsletter disguised as an alternative paper. During this period, the FBI also placed hidden cameras in radical businesses, and allegedly planted heroin under the car of the owner of a black power store called The Black Market. In 1968, the Dean of Faculty barged into The Spectator's office, a WWII era Quonset hut, accompanied by campus police and armed with a fire axe, throwing out files and equipment. The paper went literally underground, operating out of a basement apartment. Besides reviewing local musicians, The Spectator organized music shows and "love-ins" in Dunn Meadow.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32401148184/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“"Love-in" in Dunn Meadow.”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1967</h3> <h4>Founding of WIUS</h4> <p>WQAD and WIN merge to form WIUS, the largest carrier of current student run radio stations in the world. Students could tune into the station by plugging their radios into IU's electric grid. The station would eventually evolve into low power FM station WIUX.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33579945701/in/dateposted-public/“WIUS mobile unit”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1968</h3> <h4>Jazz studies program</h4> <p>David Baker establishes the Indiana University Jazz Studies program, now recognized as one of the best in the country. He had performed at IU earlier in two legendary concerts in 1958 and 1966 with a team of jazz talents including Freddie Hubbard, Joe Hunt, Stan Getz, Bill Evans, Al Kriger, and Tom Ringo. Baker had earned his master’s in trombone at IU in 1954, but as an African American had trouble finding permanent work in the 1950s. Baker was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize in 1973, and a Grammy Award in 1979. He received numerous awards, including but not limited to the National Association of Jazz Educators Hall of Fame Award (1981), IU President's Award for Distinguished Teaching (1986), Governor's Arts Award of the State of Indiana (1991), American Jazz Masters Award from the National Endowment for the Arts (2000), Indiana Historical Society’s Living Legend Award (2001), James Smithson Medal from the Smithsonian Institution (2002), an Emmy Award for his musical score for the PBS documentary "For Gold and Glory" (2003), Living Jazz Legend Award from the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts (2007), the IU President's Medal for Excellence (2012), and five honorary doctorates. Baker's contributions to the School of Music have influenced the avant-garde and jazzy flavor of much of Bloomington's music scene. Baker died on March 26, 2016.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32846402300/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“David Baker”> <p>Photo courtesy IU Archives P0053012.</p> <h3>1969</h3> <h4> The Brecker Brothers Do New York</h4> <p>IU alumni saxophonist Michael Brecker and his brother the trumpeter Randy Brecker co-found Dreams, one of the earliest and most creative of the first wave of jazz-rock bands. Randy and Michael went on to form the Brecker Brothers. Michael Brecker went on to win eleven Grammy awards and Randy Brecker has won six.</p> <img=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UFK_S-ILmGo/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1972</h3> <h4> Revival of Folk Revival</h4> <p>While walking through Dunn Meadow, folklore student Dillon Bustin encountered a fiddler sitting on a tree stump playing an old English tune which Bustin recognized as "The Rights of Man." Together Bustin and the fiddler, Miles Krassen, reboot Bloomington's folk scene by holding folk shows and dances out of their house. The resurgence of the genre's popularity brought folk musicians from far and wide to Bloomington, some of whom, like flutist Grey Larsen and singer songwriter Cindy Kallet, continue to operate out of Bloomington today. Bustin and Krassen would go on to play in the local bands Buckdancer's Choice and The Rain Crow Countryside Band. Dillon Bustin continues to create folk music, and Miles Krassen has written several books on fiddle and banjo.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FLhuW0fAiik/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1972-1973</h3> <h4> The Screaming Gypsy Bandits</h4> <p>Mrs. Seamon's Sound Band, a jazz rock band named for the nutritionist at Wright Quad evolves into The Screaming Gypsy Bandits, igniting Bloomington's independent rock scene. The band included music school students such as the Randy and Michael Brecker, Roger Salloom, Nancy Sinclair, Mark Bingham, Bruce Anderson, Dale Sophiea, and the established Bloomington singer songwriter Caroline Peyton. The Screaming Gypsy Bandits played for free at events around campus, including a forty minute rendition of Light My Fire. Known for their absurdist lyrics and theatrics, Mark Bingham once brought a can of camel meat on stage and began advertising it to the audience.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nB9ytzZ60Xg /“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1973</h3> <h4>Bluebird founded</h4> <p>The Bluebird nightclub opens its doors. The club, which originally catered mostly to local bands, attracts many popular musicians, contributing to Bloomington's importance in Midwest tour circuits. In its early days, the Bluebird attracted such jazz greats as Charles Mingus, Bill Evans, and Sun Ra.</p> <img=“http://s2.evcdn.com/images/edpborder500/I0-001/015/265/377-3.jpeg_/jake-dodds-77.jpeg /“alt=“Bluebird club logo”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1974</h3> <h4>MX-80 founded</h4> <p>Bruce Anderson and Dale Sophiea of The Screaming Gypsy Bandits split off to pursue their own project: MX-80. Originally produced in Bloomington by BRBQ Records, MX-80 was foundational to the genres of noise rock and post punk.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/31767188774/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“promotional poster”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1972-1976</h3> <h4> Kenny Aronoff Attends IU</h4> <p>Drummer Kenny Aronoff graduates the Jacobs School of Music with the school's Performer's Certificate. During his years at IU he played in local jazz fusion bands such as Streamwinner. Kenny has been named the #1 Pop/Rock Drummer and the #1 Studio Drummer for five consecutive years by Modern Drummer Magazine. In addition he has played on over 30 Grammy nominated recordings. Kenny has taught at the University of Massachusetts and IU. He has performed with countless musicians including John Mellencamp, The Rolling Stones, The Smashing Pumpkins, Bruce Springsteen, Paul McCartney, Ringo Starr, Sting, Lady Gaga, Bruno Mars, Pharell Williams, Lenny Kravitz, Kid Rock, Bob Seger, Bob Dylan, Elton John, Rod Stewart, Slash, Eric Clapton, James Taylor, Alanis Morissette, Gregg Allman, Willie Nelson, Johnny Cash, Sheryl Crow, Avril Lavigne, Stevie Wonder, Alicia Keys, Beyonce, Mick Jagger, Ray Charles, Crosby Stills and Nash, Celine Dion, and many others.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hut8eStCKEo/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1977</h3> <h4>Rahsaan Roland Kirk dies at the IMU</h4> <p>Blind for his entire life, Rahsaan Roland Kirk amazed audiences by playing multiple reed instruments simultaneously (including the nose flute.) He had been a professional musician since the age of 15 and mastered the technique of circular breathing, creating the effect of a one man band. Kirk died of a heart attack while leaving a performance in the IMU's Frangipani room.Rahsaan Roland Kirk dies at the IMU.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q8D-WRtfHHE&list=PLGjimZujUrxceJ4M6F4va3Y4sanJdoPpu&index=3/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1977</h3> <h4>Jazz Fables Founded</h4> <p>Six years after graduating Indiana University with a degree in sociology, David Miller teamed up with pianist Michael Weiss and tenor saxophonist Jerry Weldon to play trumpet in the Jazz Fables. The band stayed in Bloomington, continuing to play modern and classic jazz for decades. When Weiss and Weldon left the band, IU faculty members Tom Walsh and Luke Gillespie joined on saxophone and piano, with IU jazz studies students and alumni filling in for bass and drums.</p> <img=“http://s3.amazonaws.com/media.ids/32302_0000-do-164464880p.jpg/“alt=“Tom Clark (right), Tom Walsh (center), and David Miller (left).”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1977</h3> <h4>The Grateful Dead perform at IU</h4> <p>The Grateful Dead play at Assembly Hall for four consecutive hours and inspire some IU students to join them on the road.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33552970442/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“The Grateful Dead at Assembly Hall”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1979-1983</h3> <h4>The Dancing Cigarettes</h4> <p>The Dancing Cigarettes perform their first of many shows in Dunn Meadow. A fusion of jazz and proto-punk, the Dancing Cigarettes ignited Bloomington's strong indie punk scene, as well as the tradition of street shows, which would continue into the 1990s. Attracting attention for their danceable tunes and sometimes off-putting Dadaist lyrics, the Dancing Cigarettes went on tour later that year. They would continue to return to Bloomington to perform shows at the Bluebird and around town. The band broke up in 1983. Members included Michael Gitlin, Garry Hines, Linda Marcus, Tim Noe, Don Truney, and Seth Kahan.</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32828113920/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“Art Avenue, Population: 6.”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1985</h3> <h4>John Mellencamp Moves to Bloomington</h4> <p>Though Indiana rock star John "Cougar" Mellencamp had been coming to Bloomington to record for years, he moved to Monroe County permanently in 1985, setting up a private recording studio.</p> <img=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33668392876/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“Mellencamp at Memorial Stadium”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1989</h3> <h4>Bear's Place Begins Hosting Jazz Thursdays</h4> <p>Local Bar Bear's Place begins featuring local jazz music every Thursday night, including Indiana University students and faculty.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8fvZXip40Gc/“alt=“audio file”> <h3>1992-2010</h3> <h4>The Herald Times Publishes Audibles Column</h4> <p>The Audibles feature in The Herald Times, authored by Dave Mac, Dan Coleman, and Mike Leonard, covers local performances including house and bar shows.</p> <img src=“blank”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1993</h3> <h4>WFHB Founded</h4> <p>Long involved in local music and radio, Jim Manion, Mark Hood, and Jeff Morris found community radio station WFHB. Today the station has about 250 volunteers, DJs, and hosts.</p> <img=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33750591231/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“The WFHB firehouse logo”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1993-2016</h3> <h4>Echo Park Studios Operates in Bloomington</h4> <p>Returning to Bloomington, former BRBQ records employee Mark Hood founds analogue production company Echo Park. Hood accepted a teaching position in IU's recording arts program in 2005, and closed down Echo Park in 2016. Echo Park recorded local bands such as the Dancing Cigarettes, as well as more far-flung musicians such as The Fray and Guns and Roses, and genres from metal to classical to Buddhist chanting.</p> <img src=https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/32895776893/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“The Fray's double platinum how to save a life" was recorded at Echo Park”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1994</h3> <h4>First Annual Lotus Festival</h4> <p>Named in honor of Southern Indiana folk singer Quinton Lotus Dickey, the Lotus Festival of World Music has attracted artists from over 120 countries to Bloomington, as well as an estimated 12,000 guests. The festival earns approximately $500,000 per year.</p> <img src=“https://youtu.be/HN6F-AQxVrg/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1994</h3> <h4>Plan-it-X Records Founded</h4> <p>IU freshmen Chris Clavin and Samantha Dorset found the Plan-it-X record label as a joke, recording their friends' bands on cassette tapes and performing off putting songs with themes such as "this is a song about beer and how dumb you are if you drink it." After an unsuccessful business venture converting a strip mall retail space into their private residence, Plan-it-X records began seeing success producing and distributing punk music under the motto "If it ain't cheap it ain't punk." Foundational in the subgenre of folk-punk, Plan-it-X has produced folk punk vanguards such as Ghost Mice and Andrew Jackson Jihad.</p> <img=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BUFgvlCgL1g/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1994</h3> <h4>Weekly Irish Music Sessions Begin</h4> <p>Local flutist Grey Larsen begins hosting weekly Irish music sessions from 7-9:30pm every Tuesday. The group initially met at Borders bookstore, before moving to the Uptown Café, and finally settling on the Runcible Spoon, a coffee roaster, restaurant, and café opened by IU Graduate Jeff Danielson in 1976.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=956S53rZEz4/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1996</h3> <h4>Secretly Canadian Group Founded</h4> <p>Brothers Chris and Ben Swanson found the label Secretly Canadian while studying at Indiana University. Inspired by Bloomington's burgeoning do-it-yourself music scene, the Swanson brothers began by recording IU bands such as Murder by Death, Zero Boys, and John Wilkes Booze. Secretly Canadian has expanded its offices to Brooklyn, London, Austin, Los Angeles and Paris, and has incorporated local record labels Jagjauwar and Dead Oceans.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5d91BrkeXXs/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>1997</h3> <h4>Beyond the Pale Jazz Series Begins</h4> <p>Local avant-garde jazz concert program Beyond the Pale begins hosting world renowned jazz and puppetry innovators at venues such as the Waldron Arts Center, Bear’s Place, and local churches. Musicians featured include Vandermak 5, Peter Brotzman, Paradox trio, and local modern jazz band Beeblebrox.</p> <img=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uEYM86Ig6ys/“alt=“audio file”> <p>blank</p> <h3>2000-2014</h3> <h4>Murder by Death</h4> <p>IU students Adam Turla, Matt Armstrong, Sarah Billet, Vincent Edwards, and David Schrodt form the alternative country band Murder by Death. From their first performance in the Collins Living Learning Center Coffeehouse, the band was located in Bloomington from 2000 to 2014, but continued to tour and record after leaving town. During their time at IU, the band also performed at WIUX's Culture Shock, the Bluebird, and Second Story.</p> <img src=“https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ph8AlodMnjk/“alt=“audio file”> <h3>2007</h3> <h4>Co-ops Begin Offering a Venue to Marginalized Artists</h4> <p>Along with newer co-ops such as The Shire and Middle Earth, Helms Deep places an emphasis on sustainability, cooperative living, and music. The co-ops host many shows for Indiana charities, and feature many musicians from racial and sexual minorities. Musicians that have routinely played at co-op house shows include Wheel of the Year (psych folk), Plane Natives (funk), Katie Kruel, Duck Trash (singer songwriter, DJ), D R M G R L (dj), Nagasaki dirt (experimental hip-hop from Indianapolis).</p> <img src=“https://www.flickr.com/photos/145186649@N02/33066373263/in/dateposted-public/“alt=“photo of a house”> <p>blank</p> <h3>2016</h3> <h4>WIUX Named Best College Radio Station</h4> <p>WIUX wins the Intercollegiate Broadcasting System awards for "Best College Radio Station" (at a university of over 10,000), as well as "Best Website" and "Best Public Service Promotion." The station placed as a finalist in six other categories.</p> <img=“blank”> <p>blank</p> <h3>2017</h3> <h4>Sources</h4> <p>Monroe county timeline and book of facts (2006). Sudhalter, Richard M. Stardust melody: the life and music of Hoagy Carmichael. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. List, George. Singing About It: Folk Songs of Southern Indiana. Indianapolis: Indiana Historical Society, 1991. Fox, Margalit. "David Baker, Who Helped Bring Jazz Studies Into the Academy, Dies at 84." The New York Times. March 29, 2016. Newsroom, IU Bloomington. "Indiana University mourns David Baker, distinguished professor and jazz legend." IU Bloomington Newsroom. March 16, 2016. "History." WIUX. March 07, 2016. Accessed March 31, 2017. Wynkoop, Mary Ann. Dissent in the heartland: the student protest movement at Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 1965 - 1970. When the Screaming Gypsy Bandits blew up Bloomington. Nuvo May 19 2016: Kyle Long. Bealle, John. Old Time Music and Dance: Community and Folk Revival. "World Class Drummer & Influential Keynote Speaker." Kenny Aronoff. McRobbie, Michael. "A Founder of American Soul Music: Indiana University Honors Booker T. Jones." Speech, Dinner Honoring 2012 Spring Honorary Degree Recipient and Undergraduate Commencement Speaker, Federal Room, Indiana Memorial Union, Bloomington, IN. Honoree: Search Awards: University Honors & Awards: Indiana University. Booker T. Jones. 1977 grateful dead plays four and a half hours at assembly hall. Arbutus: Indiana University Volume 85 1977-1978 (Winston Salem: Hunter Publishing Co, 1978), 220.Fordham, John. "Obituary: Michael Brecker." The Guardian. January 16, 2007. "Timeline." The Dancing Cigarettes (Website). Dickinson, Chris. “Group Defies Label.” Indiana Daily Student. September 17, 1982. Mark Hood Interview 2/16/17. Lisa Sorge, Local Recording Studio Has Worldwide Reputation. The Herald Times. February 22nd, 1996. Siberz, Heidi. "David Miller: WFIU’s Artist Of The Month for July." Arts and Music - Indiana Public Media.WFIU. July 1, 2014. "About Us." Lotus Festival (Website). Clavin, Chris. Free pizza for life: or, the early days of Plan-It-X records. Bloomington, IN: Plan-It-X Records& Secret Sailor Books, 2012. Plan-It-X Records: If It Ain't Cheap - It Ain't Punx!: History." Plan-It-X Records. Accessed March 31, 2017. Interview with Adam Turla 1-24-17. Jim Manion interview 1-31-17. Johnson, David. "Al Cobine: Another Indiana Jazz Legend Passes Away." Night Lights Classic Jazz - Indiana Public Media. May 22, 2009. The Spectator Volume 1: Feb 5 1966, IU Jazz Band Led by New Faculty Member Jerry Coker Leaves on 15 Week Tour of Middle East. The Spectator Volume 1: Nov 14, 1966 Jazz Ensemble Called Top College Group. Michael Bourne Interview 2-11-2017. Interview Kevin Melrose 1-22-17</p> <img src=“blank”> <p>blank</p> <h3>Sources Audio</h3> <h4>KENNY ARONOFF - JACK AND DIANE (JOHN COUGAR MELLANCAMP). Performed by Kenny Aronoff. Youtube. July 18, 2011. The Grateful Dead at Assembly Hall, P0054617. IU Photo Archive, October 30, 1977. John Mellencamp at Homecoming, P0046969. IU Photo Archive, October 28, 2006. The B-Town Bearcats perform at Bear's Place in Bloomington. Performed by The B-Town Bearcats. Youtube. January 10, 2010. Double Platinum Record Award presented to Echo Park Studios to commemorate the sale of over two million copies of the album “How to Save A Life” by The Fray. WFHB Logo. WFHB Website. 2015 Lotus Festival Highlight. Lotus Indiana. Youtube. March 10, 2016. The Zero Boys at a 1993 Bloomington Street Dance. Performed by Zero Boys. Youtube. Directed by Eric Spear, January 3, 2011. And One For Good Luck - The Last Plan-It-X Fest. Directed by Brandon Walsh. Performed by Terror Pigeon. Youtube. August 7, 2016. The Southshore. Performed by Grey Larsen and Cindy Kallet. Youtube. October 4, 2010. Kienle, Peter, writer. BeebleBrox V2.1. Performed by Nkia Herzig, Jon Paul, and Dan Vonnegut. BeebleBrox. ACME Records, 1992. 2015. Lost River. Directed by Gabe Darling. Performed by Murder by Death. Youtube. May 21, 2013. WIUX Trophies. WIUX Photos, Bloomington. In WIUX Website. Booker T. Jones, P0051233. IU Photo Archives. 1966. Albert, Miss C.J. Serenade To A Cuckoo. Performed by Rahsaan Roldand Kirk, Horace Parlan, Michael Flemming, and Walter Perkins. Rahsaan Roland Kirk. Warner Music Group, 1964. November 8, 2014. Middle Earth Coop. Bloomington Cooperative Website. Wright Quad. P0024440. Drawn by A.R. Congdon. IU Photo Archive, 1945. 1973 Kenny Baker jam out side of Jim Peva's Camp Bean Blossom. Rental Film Blog. Marcos Cavalcante & Friends, photo by Ryan Dorgan, IDS News. October 6, 2011.</p> <img src=“blank”> <p>blank</p>